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  1. In severe blunt trauma, multiple organ injuries are often observed. Patients with a ruptured diaphragm and pericardium are referred to as having pericardio-diaphragmatic rupture. However, few studies have repo...

    Authors: Takashi Yamashita, Katsuyuki Asai, Hideto Ochiai, Toshikazu Kanai, Yuta Matsubayashi, Keizo Tanaka and Takashi Hashimoto
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2023 2:3
  2. Tracheobronchial anomalies are extremely rare and are often associated with pulmonary arteriovenous anatomical anomalies. An anomalous right upper vein segment that passes between the pulmonary artery (PA) and...

    Authors: Hayato Konno, Mitsuhiro Isaka, Tetsuya Mizuno, Hideaki Kojima and Yasuhisa Ohde
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2023 2:2
  3. Silicone stents are options for airway stenosis or obstruction. Generally, silicone stent placement needs rigid bronchoscopy, but manipulation of a rigid bronchoscope has technical difficulties in some cases. ...

    Authors: Kazuto Sugai, Naohiro Kobayashi, Yusuke Saeki, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Hideo Ichimura and Yukio Sato
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2023 2:1
  4. The most common complication after tetralogy of Fallot repair is pulmonary valve regurgitation. However, concomitant surgery for tricuspid valve regurgitation and/or aortic dilatation is occasionally required.

    Authors: Ryuya Nomura, Kojiro Furukawa, Tomofumi Fukuda, Yuichiro Hirata, Tatsushi Onzuka, Kisho Ohtani, Ken-ichi Imasaka, Shigeki Morita and Akira Shiose
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:14
  5. Bronchial atresia is a congenital obstruction of the segmental or lobar bronchus that often leads to hyperinflation of the affected area. It can cause intractable infections and abnormal nodules in these regio...

    Authors: Mototsugu Watanabe, Kaoru Kondo, Shinichi Furukawa, Toshio Shiotani and Kazuhiko Kataoka
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:13
  6. The independent segment between the superior and basal segments is called the subsuperior segment (S*), which is rarely observed. We report a left S* segmentectomy in a patient with early-stage lung cancer.

    Authors: Hodaka Oeda, Hidemi Suzuki, Taisuke Kaiho, Atsushi Hata, Ito Takamsa, Kazuhisa Tanaka, Yuichi Sakairi and Ichiro Yoshino
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:12
  7. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has caused a paradigm shift in the treatment of severe aortic stenosis. Although less invasive and good early results of TAVR have been reported, the long-term dur...

    Authors: Yoshio Arai, Akira Marui, Atsushi Nagasawa and Nobuhisa Ohno
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:10
  8. Chylothorax after thoracic surgery is a rare but severe complication. When thoracic duct ligation is performed for chylothorax, identification of the leakage site and the thoracic duct course is necessary. Adm...

    Authors: Yamato Suzuki, Koji Yamana, Hisato Ishizawa, Hiroshi Kawai, Yasushi Matsuda, Ryoichi Kato, Yasushi Takagi and Yasushi Hoshikawa
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:7
  9. Blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI) is a life-threatening pathology that most commonly occurs after traffic accidents or a fall from a considerable height. We report a rare case of traumatic double transectio...

    Authors: Yu Inaba, Yasunori Iida, Hidetoshi Oka, Takahisa Miki, Takashi Hachiya and Hideyuki Shimizu
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:11
  10. Neural tumors at the thoracic apex require a careful surgical technique because of the presence of vascular and neural structures and minimally invasive surgery can be challenging for these tumors, especially ...

    Authors: Shunta Ishihara, Masanori Shimomura, Hiroaki Tsunezuka, Satoshi Ikebe and Masayoshi Inoue
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:8
  11. Isolated mediastinal metastasis from a malignant tumor and small cell carcinoma of the bladder are both very rare.

    Authors: Tomomi Isono, Toru Kimura, Kenji Kimura, Ryusuke Karube, Koshiro Ando, Hiroto Ishida, Akihiro Nagoya, Seiji Taniguchi, Soichiro Funaki and Yasushi Shintani
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:9
  12. A mediastinal aberrant goiter is extremely rare, characterized by independence from the thyroid gland. This tumor most commonly develops in the anterior mediastinum and should be differentiated from a thymoma....

    Authors: Mikito Suzuki, Hirotoshi Horio, Azusa Nakamura, Reiko Shimizu, Toshiyuki Shima, Masahiko Harada and Tsunekazu Hishima
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:6
  13. Large mediastinal tumors are sometimes difficult to completely resect because they are surrounded by vital organs. We present the case of mediastinal liposarcoma successfully resected by the clamshell approach...

    Authors: Nahoko Shimizu, Yugo Tanaka, Sanae Kuroda, Takeshi Inoue and Yoshimasa Maniwa
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:5
  14. We encountered a case of a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) who developed multiple thromboses following implantable left ventricular assist device (iLVAD) implantation. We herein report this...

    Authors: Kenichi Morimoto, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Yuichiro Kishimoto, Takeshi Onohara and Motonobu Nishimura
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:4
  15. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most frequent congenital cardiac anomaly. We report a successful case in which the tricuspidization technique with valve-sparing aortic root replacement was used for BAV with...

    Authors: Yu Hohri, Satoshi Numata, Yutaka Okita and Hitoshi Yaku
    Citation: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 2022 1:3